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Cacao, or Cocoa, is obtained from the seeds of the Theobroma cacao plant, is a food that is allied to the heart and the mood, able to stimulate the release of endorphins
Among the Mayans, chocolate was called kakaw uhanal, or “food of the Gods”, and its consumption was reserved only for certain classes of the population (sovereigns, nobles and warriors).
Plantation cocoa is cultivated between the 20th parallel north and the 20th parallel south, at a lower altitude than the wild, for convenience of harvesting.
There are three large areas where it is grown in large quantities, in particular:
Cocoa is grown on about 17 million acres (27,000 square miles; 69 000 km²) worldwide.
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